Physical activity and exercise provides benefits for all people of all ages and abilities.
In conjunction with hands-on treatment your physiotherapist will most likely recommend that you perform some exercises at home. They may be in the form of stretches, functional movements, strengthening exercises or a fitness program.
Functional movements and stretches help to maintain gains in movement achieved with manual therapy during treatment sessions.
Strengthening programs for particular muscle groups can assist in preventing injuries and recurrences and allow you to perform an activity more efficiently and effectively.
Improving fitness helps prevent and treat a variety of chronic health conditions.
Exercise has benefits for many conditions:
Type 2 diabetes
Quality of life
Exercise prevents loss of function as people get older by encouraging movement. Activities such as walking is inexpensive and can involve friends or family members, or the dog. This then can be made a pleasant experience. Social gatherings can be combined with physical activity, for example tennis groups, exercise groups.
For sedentary people and those at high risk of chronic disease, exercise IS medicine and any small increase in activity is beneficial. Irrespective of body weight, people who are active/fit will have improved health.
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends the following as a minimum amount of physical activity/exercise for healthy adults per week:
Aerobic activity - eg. walk, jog, swim, cycle
Improves cardiovascular fitness and respiratory fitness (reduces risk of cardiovascular disease).
>30 minutes of moderate to vigorous intensity exercise, 5 days per week
Daily activities can be counted as aerobic exercise if they are >10 minutes duration and moderate/vigorous intensity.
Resistance activity - eg. weight training
Improves bone density and cognition
2 sessions per week
3 days per week
Balance exercises for over 65’s
2 sessions per week
For athletes and active people, if you are wanting to improve your performance, an individualised exercise program will be given to you catering for your specific needs. This could be flexibility, strength, balance and movement control, and / or fitness exercises.